Hugs Are Medicine

When the right person hugs you, it’s like medicine. I’m so grateful for those few people in my life who are good for my soul. Steve Maraboli

I saw this quote this morning and it reminded me of how there have been so many times when my husband has hugged me and I told him it felt like medicine. All of my worries seem to melt away in his arms. My shoulders relax and I feel complete protection from the world. It seemed like an odd comment to come out of me, but that is how my whole body felt when I said it. There is so much power in physical touch. Our positive, loving touch can mean so much to others. Sadly as a society, we have come to fear touch. A handshake is a dying art of giving your word and meaning it. A touch on someone’s shoulder can be misconstrued as unwanted perversion because there is so much perversion around us now.

In summarizing an online article in Healthline Magazine it says hugs can help in the following ways:

1.Hugs reduce stress by showing support

2. Hugs may protect you against illness

3. Hugs may boost your heart health

4. Hugs can make you happier

5. Hugs help reduce your fears

6. Hugs may help reduce your pain

7. Hugs help you communicate with others

Science supports something that was put into us before we were even born, a God given ability to heal in small ways just by showing others we love and care for them with physical touch. It can reduce anxiety in people with low self-esteem. It can produce Oxytocin which causes a reduction in blood pressure and of the stress hormone norepinephrine. Oxytocin has been referred as the “cuddle hormone” because the levels of it rise when we hug, touch or sit close to someone.

Don’t let anyone put fear into you and make you scared of a handshake, or a hug. They are ways of connecting to one another on a deeper level than a text, a phone call or a brief wave from a distance. We were not created to be alone or distanced. So next time you see your friend, a sibling or your spouse give them a hug. It might be just what they needed that day.

Hugs are medicine.

The Truth

The Truth

I have heard people promote “speaking their own truth.”  Since when did we define what the truth is?  If my truth is different from your truth, does it make it ok? What about THE truth?  There is no white-washing the actual truth.  It is what it is, no matter what anyone’s “opinion” is.  On a daily basis, we are getting other people’s “truths” shoved in our faces and if we do not agree with their “truth” then we are shamed, and sometimes cancelled and destroyed by any method needed.

Where do we go for the absolute truth as Christians? There is only one place; the bible.  To me it is a living, breathing document. It’s a roadmap that can absolutely be applied in today’s world even though it was (divinely) written over 2,000 years ago.  Some people may dismiss the bible as a “book of metaphors.”  The bible has both historical events and metaphors to teach us the meaning behind the message.

I will never forget sitting in my Catholic grade school being told by my teacher that the story of Adam and Eve was just a metaphorical story and that it didn’t really happen.  I internally rejected what she said! There was another time in my early teens where my friend’s brother said there was no such thing as God and that the earth was created by some big boom.  Something inside of me, knew that it couldn’t’ be so.  There are too many things I have seen, felt and witnessed and know intuitively that God is real and He is real inside of me.   I guess these are my “truths.” 

There have been many that have studied the metaphors written in the bible, breaking down multiple doctrines and placing each event in a timeline that is understandable.  From the dropping of the Berlin wall to the Six trumpet war.  Every prophesy in the bible has come to pass.  How can you deny that?  This is why it is important to try to gain an understanding in what it says.

How do you measure whether something is true or not?  I can only compare what I see, hear and witness around me, to what was written in this book.  Please don’t tell me that no matter what we believe, we are all going to Heaven.  There is only One way to heaven and not all religions believe that. Not all religions believe that Jesus is/was the Messiah.

Jesus told him, “I am the way and the truth and the life.  No one comes to the Father except through me.”

John 14:6 NLV

Compare some of these truths that we are exposed to in our society more and more these days:

*It’s my body, I have the choice to abort my baby.

*It’s ok to assemble with bricks and fire and weapons to burn, loot destroy other people’s property and livelihoods. To curse and to spit in the faces of those in authority.

* How about the “Summer of Love” that we saw in Portland where people were getting mugged beaten and raped and criminals were being set free?

Proverbs 6:16-19 NLT says: These six things the Lord hates, a proud look, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that are swift in running to evil, a false witness who speaks lies, and one who sows discord among brethren.

There is no way you can convince me that at some level, unless someone is completely filled with hate and evil, that people do not know instinctually between right and wrong.  They just have to choose which one they will follow. Free will.

Isaiah 5:20 NLT says: What sorrow for those who say that evil is good and good is evil, that dark is light and light is dark, that bitter is sweet and sweet is bitter. 

This is exactly what we are seeing.  Since when do you set bail for criminals so that they can run free while the innocent are harmed and destroyed?  Since when have we ever had such blatant disregard for God’s laws?

Surely, we must be in the last days metaphorically?  But is it metaphorically or for real?  We do not know the answer to that but look to the story of Noah and his family before the flood was sent to destroy the land and all of the people who were sinning against God?   Look at the story of Sodom and Gomorrah and what kinds of acts were happening right out in the open before God destroyed them.  Really read in detail these stories and compare them to what is happening right now in the days we are living in.  This is where we are at in society and there is the agenda and narratives being pushed that say we must all be accepting of one another.  Yes, we must love one another, we must never be unkind to someone who has a different truth than us, but we must be very careful not to make it our truth if it does not line up with our own doctrines.  Don’t be fooled.  The agenda is to remove God from our country.  This nation was founded under God and it is why we have been such a great country to live in.  Why else would people risk life and limb to come here???

I am not saying that anyone is better than anyone else, but we can be in the world and not be of the world.  If you know the truth, you can not be fooled with untruths.  Remember, the enemy is a deceiver.  In the end days, the book of Revelations says that there will be a false profit who will perform miracles and that many will be deceived.  They will think he is Christ!  This is why we must read it and no matter how confusing it is, I believe the Lord will give you an understanding.  Remember, the truth will set you free.  Don’t be kept in the bondage of false truths no matter what anyone says.

Shades of Love

With so much turmoil on our screens and in our streets, why can’t we realize that the color of our skin shouldn’t matter? How about we ALL just start treating each other with love? I believe the Lord created us all. There should be no shame in whichever color our skin is. If you open us up on the surgical table, we are the same. Our bodies are a mere vessel for our souls, so why are so many peoples “vision” clouded with hate, venom and strife?

Instead of being against something, how about we be FOR something. I guarantee that if we shift our thoughts to what we are for, our turn outs will be much more positive. Does looting, rioting and destroying other people’s belongings and life-long business’s accomplish anything? No, it just causes more and more division. There is NEVER justification for any type of hate. Scripture even says that the enemy (the devil) only comes to Lie, Steal, and Destroy. Take a look at what we are seeing right now and realize that we are being deceived! I find it ironic that in the year 2020 which is referenced as perfect vision, it seems as though the vail that hid a lot of the perverse and evil things in the world, was suddenly lifted and now evil doesn’t even hide any more. Anybody with the least amount of discernment should be able to “see” this, right?

Maybe we should watch closer, but with spiritual glasses, or with our God-given intuition. Who is really bringing unity? Who is really being truthful? Who spreads love vs hate? Who is bating us into hating others based on race, gender, politics, etc? It’s so simple really. It all comes down to the golden rule. Treat others the way you would want to be treated.

If we did that we would only see shades of love and would act accordingly. You see, thoughts become actions and actions become things. Very powerful stuff.

This entry was posted on March 29, 2021. 4 Comments

H.O.P.E

I woke up this morning with this acronym in my mind: H.O.P.E Having Optimistic Peace Everyday. With all of the backwards and upside down things going on in the world these days, it can all feel so hopeless. But is it? Perhaps God gave me this acronym of hope to encourage me. Maybe, I in turn can encourage you.

We can not take in the things of the world by sight only, we must at all times view things with our intuition, our heart and our faith if we are to have peace in the storm. We must believe that good will ALWAYS prevail over evil. It may take a while, but I believe that all that is concealed now will in time be revealed. Just go back in history and you will see that.

How do we have optimistic peace every day? For me, it is trying to live in the moment. For me it is trying not to worry about tomorrow and what it might bring. For me it is doing what I can and leaving the extra presumed burdens to God. It is remembering all of the trials He has brought me through already and remembering all of the blessings I do have. Whatever we tend to focus on expands. Being grateful restores my faith in his company. I have the knowing that He is always with me no matter what is happening in the world or in my day.

Psalm 139; 1-12 (NIV) says: You have searched me, Lord, and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar. You discern my going out and lying down; you are familiar with all my ways. Before a word is on my tongue you, Lord, know it completely. You hem me in behind and before, and you lay your hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, too lofty for me to attain. Where can I go from your spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; If I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if i settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will hold me fast. If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me,” even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like day, for darkness is as light to you.

This passage gives me so much comfort and knowing that He is always with us. If he is that close to each person, then how can the world as a whole be abandoned? I know everyone has been given free will and there are many evil and bad people in the world but we have to wake up and realize how much hate is fueling peoples words, actions and motives around us. Hate blinds people from seeing or caring about the truth. Hope allows people to live in the truth. In John 14:6 Jesus says ” I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the father except through me.” So if He is truth, then that is what I want to see, beyond and through the evil energy of hate that is so pervasive in our society and on our screens. I am far from perfect but I hope to try my very best to have as much peace every day I can. I hope that you can too.

This entry was posted on January 29, 2021. 4 Comments

Taking the Back Road

Instead of sitting in our houses cooped up, why not decide to be more adventurous? We can only clean so much. We can only eat so much before the scale starts climbing up. When feeling particularly anxious, or down in the dumps, I’ve decided I would do something about it.

This morning after literally wasting an hour on social media I was mad at myself for getting sucked back in. I felt like I was an addict with a problem. I realized how hard it is to just say no! I put on my yoga clothes, and my baseball cap and decided that the cure for my boredom was to feel like I was living and experiencing something, anything at all that got me out of the house, away from the screen and out of my own head.

The sun was shining so the top went down on the convertible. I decided I would drive into Waxhaw and check out the Provisions Store there and maybe check out the little shops near by. I was going to get on the interstate, but then thought I would rather go a different direction. I took the back roads, and I’m really glad I did. On the way I came across a pop-up market, where I stopped and got my favorite home made lavender soap and saw some really cool jewelry that some vendors had made. I saw tree lined streets, an old bridge over a stream. Horse farms, and old wooden barns and an unexpected little white chapel sitting in a grassy field. I had no time constraints and it felt good to get out of my bubble.

My good friend and next door neighbor has a saying: “always have something to look forward to.” She’s so right. Why work ourselves into the ground and have no fun? Fun doesn’t always have to cost a lot. I felt like I had some sort of adventure therapy today. It was good.

I feel like getting outside and doing something stimulating outside and away from a screen lowers our cortisol levels, and raises are serotonin, leaving us more relaxed and at peace. Why not treat ourselves to that more often? Adventure leads to curiosity and that has to be a win-win.

Taking the back, narrow winding roads made me think of the scripture that says “small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.” It would have been so much easier to take the wide path, a quick interstate drive vs. the back roads, but what fun would that have been?

This entry was posted on August 22, 2020. 1 Comment

Feel the Bloat

I have been feeling pretty bloated lately, literally and figuratively.  The other day I told my husband that I do not know what more I can do to lose weight. I said I could go all day without eating and as soon as I eat something my stomach will look like I’m 5 months pregnant.  I decide that perhaps I need to keep a food diary to see exactly what I am shoveling in my mouth each day.  Maybe by the process of elimination I can see what is causing my “issue.”

 

I know some of it is my age, but I try so hard to eat clean and not eat a whole lot of processed food, dairy, etc.  It’s the sugar that causes me to crave and give in. At least that’s my theory. I see it and it looks so good.  The dark chocolate, the caramel, the sea salt.  My mouth waters just thinking about it.  Once my eyes see that sweet and salty goodness, my hands have no other option other than to grab it and indulge in its’ sweet creamy flavor and texture. I think I could honestly do a commercial for it and get paid millions.  Okay, I am getting a little off the chart there. Back to reality.

 

I remember when I was younger and in grade school music class, we used to sing a song called O Be Careful Little Eyes. When I was older, I would play the tape of the song in the car for my children while we ran errands.

 

O be careful little eyes what you see, for the Father up above, is looking down with love, O be careful little eyes what you see. The verses went the same for being careful about what we hear, what we say, what our hands do and where we go.

 

Such simple truths that can be applied to our lives today, don’t you think? What are we doing with our time each day?  What are we consuming with our eyes, and our ears?  What are we saying to others?  Are we building them up, or tearing them down?  What are we doing with our hands and where are we going with our feet?

 

My husband is a smart man.  He told me the other night that I need to give social media a break.  He said; “I just listen to the news in the morning to catch up on world events, then I focus on other things during the day.  He’s right, it can be so consuming that we miss out on actual quality of life.

 

What am I missing when I consume media like it’s that chocolate bar?

 

What am I missing when I listen to all of the name calling, and lies being spoon fed to us?

 

What am I missing when I constantly have my hands on my phone or on the tv remote?

 

What am I missing when I walk into my house to catch up on the news instead of taking a walk outside, ride my bike, or do yoga unconnected from all of that negative energy?

 

In much the same way unhealthy food can bloat our stomachs, the world and technology can bloat our hearts, minds, and mostly, our spirits.  Technology and social media can be like sugar is to the brain.  Once you have it, you just crave more and more, until that sugar turns your cells into cancer. Isn’t that what hate is?  It’s a cancer that is pervading our society as a whole.  The more we buy into it, the more it grows and grows.  Maybe we need to put our candy bar down (our cell phones) and take a walk.  Maybe if we do that more often, our eyes will be on our families, our friends, our hobbies and creativity.  We will be able to hear things that make us smile, do things with our hands that create or build something up.  We will use our feet not to run and destroy, but to run and exercise. Without distractions we can walk on a sandy beach and feel a sense of gratefulness that we are alive and well.  We need the quiet that tells us we are a small part of a large world that is made up of a lot of good.

 

Our internal world has an effect on our external world, so we have to be careful what we are consuming via media, food, etc.

 

Like the song says, I do believe He is still looking down from above and he sees’ it all.  I much rather He see us happy and treating each other with dignity and love, which we all deserve no matter what race, color or creed.

 

Namaste.

 

Sunflowers

There used to be a time whenever someone invited me to dinner or a get together, I would always bring sunflowers along with a side-dish. I brought sunflowers because they are one of my favorite flowers. How can anyone look at them and not feel happy?

With the state of the world right now, we need more of what makes us happy. We need more sunshine and sunflowers in the spiritual sense for sure. Did you know that observation is a skill? So many people seem to be lacking of that skill. The skill to observe with a questioning spirit, questioning our feelings, versus the facts. Questioning what we are told, versus common sense seems to be a fading skill.

Did you know that sunflowers are a symbol of faith, loyalty and adoration? Isn’t it interesting that while sunflowers are growing, they always follow the movement of the sun across the sky, from the rise of the sun in the east until it’s setting in the west? They need about six to eight hours a day of sunlight to reach their potential. Perhaps we should follow their que.

In Matthew 24:27 (NIV) Jesus tells his disciples “For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the son of man.” Just as the sun rises in the east, so will the Son. Maybe we should shut off our media feeds and turn our face towards the Son. Maybe we should be thinking of all of the goodness he brings us and all of the blessings we have vs all of the hatred we see around us.

Philippians 4: 8 (NIV): Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable- if anything is excellent or praiseworthy – think about such things.

Not long ago I watched in horror, one of our elected leaders say on national tv “We do not need God.” I wondered to myself what was happening to our country and to people, right in front of my eyes. I believe we are seeing spiritual warfare playing out right in front of us on a daily basis. I may not be a biblical scholar but I know enough of it to see truth and to feel the energy of ugliness, hatred and destruction that is around us.

Getting back to sunflowers, did you also know that once they stop growing they will usually stay facing the eastern direction just to soak up the sun? However, there are usually a few rebels in the patch that will choose a different direction.

Take note: In Matthew 24: his disciples asked Jesus what the signs would be of his return. Jesus went on to say that we need to be careful that no one deceives us. (how many times are we lied to?) He said that we will hear of wars and rumors of wars (had a friend the other day tell me that she thinks there will be a civil war here). BUT, he also said to “see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places (had one here just last week which is very out of the normal). All of these are the beginning of birth pains. Then you will be handed over to be persecuted and put to death. (Christians are being persecuted and treated terribly around the world. Christian statues are coming down, God is taken out of school, churches are being told they can not hold services while looting and lawlessness in large groups are being allowed). He goes on to say: At that time many will turn away from the faith and will betray and hate each other, and many false profits will appear and deceive many people.”

I’m an observant person and can see all of this. From the false profits to people turning away from each other according to their political beliefs. From the lawlessness that is prophesied in the book of Revelation to the action of people turning their faces away from the east and away from God. Rebels in the streets and liars on our screens.

However, along with that I also believe more than ever, that there is a large field of us that cover the country. We are like those bright sunflowers facing towards the Son, allowing his warmth to envelope us and not allow us to be consumed by the hatred, the strife and the worry that comes with this tumultuous world. We are strong and our beliefs mean something. They are the beliefs that our country was founded on and they are the beliefs that have made this country the beautiful, free place it has been for centuries. I know the end of the story, the end of the book. Knowing the end of the story allows us to not be alarmed and to have peace amidst this storm. After all, every storm runs out of rain, and at the end those of us who know his voice will turn to the east and see that he is near.

Lucky 7

I’ve been thinking about my grandparents and my great Aunts’ and Uncles’ a lot lately. I’ve been thinking about all of the morals and ways of thinking that were passed down from generation to generation and that somehow, before my eyes they are slipping away from our culture. I’ve been thinking about how common sense isn’t so common any more.

I’ve been thinking about how some of them fought to make this country free. Something that we all take for granted. This generation, for the most part have NO idea what they really sacrificed. I think about how noisy the world has become with it’s talking heads and anger and divisiveness. I think about how if your opinion doesn’t match mine, or mine doesn’t match yours, then we are no longer friends. We no longer have neighbor-hoods. We have stranger-hoods.

My grandmother was one of 7 children. (truly it was 8, but Santos died when he was very little) Some of the best memories I had as a child was everyone going to my grandmother’s house that had been there over 100 years, and sitting around the table and talking to each other. There were no tv’s on, no cell phones, no anger or divisiveness. Just love. That’s the only way I can explain it. We are missing that today. So many can say “I am against this or that.” But I ask you instead: What are you FOR? Doesn’t asking that question send out a more positive energy? Are you for love? Are you for kindness and peace? Because if you’re not, then you are against those very things.

Scripture describes the enemy as the father of lies and that he comes to lie, steal and destroy. Isn’t that exactly what we see when we turn on our tv’s? In the book of Revelation it talks about how in the end times there will be many false profits and lawlessness. Is this not what we see when we turn on the tv? False profits aren’t people in robes standing on street corners, if you catch my drift.

All seven of my Aunt’s and Uncles are now gone. They would have shaken their heads in disgust over what his happening to our country. They had critical thinking skills, common sense and they were generous not only with their possessions, but with their love. The world needs more of that.

Seven is an interesting number. It is referenced over 700 times in scripture. It is considered to be the number of spiritual perfection because it is a symbol of God’s work. Peter asked Jesus in Matthew 18: 21-22 how many times he should forgive someone and of course the answer was 70 x 7. In Genesis God created the earth and on the 7th day he rested to see the perfection of it all. There are many “sevens” in the book of Revelation. I also noticed that there are always seven colors in every rainbow I see. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Kind of interesting, considering God’s promise to never flood the earth again, was sealed with a rainbow.

I can’t help but think, that they are the lucky ones. Up there in heaven laughing and hugging one another. Reunited with Santos and my Nana and Nano. Picking giant lemons from their lemon tree in the garden and telling stories. How I miss them all, my lucky 7.

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This entry was posted on July 4, 2020. 5 Comments

They Called Me Sunshine

“People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel”

-Maya Angelou

My prayer was: Lord, I don’t know what my future holds but show me where I’m needed and I’ll go.

It was an eight week assignment at the assisted living/memory care facility. I was stepping in for someone who was out for surgery. I wasn’t guaranteed a permanent spot there at the end but decided I’d take the chance and the opportunity to do something vs. nothing at the time. The pay was half the amount I was used to but I recalled my prayer and decided to be obedient to what was being presented to me.

At first it was pretty daunting. I had never had a role like this before. With little guidance it was a sink or swim situation. So at first, shyly, I began to swim. I figured I would just be myself and do it the way my heart lead me. After all, how hard can an Activities Assistant role be? I thought back to all the things in my past that helped prepare me for this. I’ve led bible studies at my church and home , taught women at the community center how to arrange flowers, gone to yoga classes, headed up charity parties in the travel industry, learned to paint, etc. Surely I can enrich the lives of seniors for eight weeks. We had chair exercises, great discussion groups and game times with lots of laughs. People from the outside would come in and perform for them as well. I felt like for the most part, they were happy and well taken care of.

However. there were many things that bothered me. Even though the facility was lovely, I wondered if it was normal to smell certain things in that environment. There were lots of smells, lack of circulating air, a basic dimness. I also wondered why there weren’t more opportunities for them to have truly fresh fruits and vegetables at their meal times. Perhaps there were medical reasons why they were served mushy greens. It broke my heart when they would ask me, “do you think I’ll ever get out of here?” Sometimes they would sit in their wheelchair and look out the window by the front door, knowing they could no longer come and go as they please. I could see the turmoil in family member’s eyes when they would come to visit their loved ones. I can’t imagine how difficult it must be for them as well. Having a parent that once cared for them is now incapable of caring for themselves.

I noticed how time seemed to be in slow motion there. The residents were never in a hurry. How could they be? They were always in the moment. That world is all they know now. It made me slow down as well. All they want is for someone to talk to and to know who they are. They are not empty shells like we see them. They all have a life that they lived and experiences that led them to this point. I also observed the workers and the way they lovingly cared and spoke to the residents. It gave me hope in humanity again in this culture where everyone seems to hate one another lately.

Another funny thing happened a long the way. While I was trying to enrich their lives, they unknowingly began to enrich my life. I learned all of their names which is a big deal for me. (My children often remind me how bad I am about remembering people’s names.) I also began to learn their stories and personalities.

I am amazed at how their faces would light up when they would mentioned a lost loved one and I would sit down and say “tell me about her.” I began to look past the things that I saw with my eyes and smelled with my nose. I began to see with my heart instead and it was a humbling experience. I even made one of the “tough” residents come to the activities and stay a lot longer than he normally would have. So when he smiled and actually started talking to the others, something inside of me beamed. When he would roll away in his wheelchair, the other’s would say: “how in the world did you get him to come?!” Two of the residents pulled me aside before I left and told me what a difference I made while I was there and that they’d never forget me. My eyes filled and I thought to myself, I will never forget you either.

I had four or five of the residents tell me I was like sunshine. Even one of my co- workers called me that. It made my heart feel happy. I hope I really did spread a little sunshine in my short time there and made someone feel loved, and important, because they really are.

Merry Christmas

Merry Christmas to all of you. Thankyou so much for following and supporting me through my journey of becoming a publisher author. It is something I knew I had to do …a calling if you will. I hope the book blesses all those who read it.

2019 had a lot of ups and downs. My sweet husband and his family lost his dad in July. He always made me feel special in little ways and I will always cherish those moments especially since I grew up without a dad. I know and believe without a doubt that he is watching over his family and is with Jesus now.

My children yet again went to a funeral of someone’s life that was so abruptly taken in a senseless act of crime. In a world of such turmoil we must remember how precious our time here with eachother is.

We lost our sheltie after 14 & 1/2 years. I never really considered myself a “pet person” but I have to admit, I loved that sweet little mellow dog with the bark that sounded like a wounded seal. I can’t tell you how many times I would hug him when I was lonely or worried or hurt by others. Maybe God is like that too. His love is so unconditional.

I admit, I may no longer attend church like I did when the kids were younger but the church resides in me. Instinctually I think that’s how it should be because whatever we hold inside of us, eventually radiates out of us, onto those around us.

Merry Christmas and may you all find unconditional happiness and joy no matter what your circumstances are today. ♡

This entry was posted on December 24, 2019. 2 Comments